The Ocean Sapphire stands 3 decks tall; a beautiful and sleek yacht made for the sapphire ocean. With spacious cabins of maximum comfort, this beauty combines modern luxury and polished interiors of natural teak and pine.

She accomodates 22 persons, on the lower deck houses 7 Spacious Cabins; the main deck houses a restaurant and Sala, and the Upper deck houses 4 rooms each with double beds and a bathtub and on the top deck lies a Jacuzzi large enough to accommodate 6 people, sun beds and showers.

The restaurant welcomes you with a buffet of both international and of local flavors and the bar will fix you the cocktail of your choice.

Ocean Sapphire - prices

Prices are per person and in USD (Us $) based on 2 persons sharing a cabin.
Exact pricing is available on the schedule here as prices vary dependant on the time year, destination and the length of the trip and sometimes special offers are available.

The price includes:
3 scuba dives per day (except the check-in day and the last 24 hours before the flight from Maldives), included 1 scuba dive by night once a week (so the day of the night dive the dives will be 2 during day time + the night dive)
Full Board: Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner (in buffet style)
Mineral water, Nescafe & tea
Transport from and to the airport
Maldivian “Green Tax”
Fishing
Trips to the local islands and to the desert islands (some islands could require a small entrance fee)
Trip to Male
Accompanied daily snorkeling
1 barbeque dinner on the beach (if weather conditions are good – it could be requested a small entrance fee for the rent of the barbeque place on the island)
Diving dhoni (with tanks, weights and belts)
Tender “Dinghi”

The price does not include:
Flight ticket
Dive equipment rental charges
Medical and diving insurance (DAN temporary diving insurance can be stipulated directly onboard)
Alcoholic drinks
NITROX
Diving equipment’s rent - Diving courses - Extra dives
Wi-Fi internet access
Dinner with lobster (to be booked at least 1 week prior the beginning of the cruise)
Tips to liveaboard staff (at guests discretion)
Transport from and to the airport in date out of the calendar beginning/end of the cruise
Everything else not described in “The price includes”

  • For a single cabin, non sharing, please add 60%, if you are a single diver and happy to share with another diver of the same sex the price is as stated originally.

Terms and conditions:

Individual bookings:
Booking deposit:
30% of booking is required within 7 days of booking - non refundable
70 % is due to 90 days prior to departure - non refundable.
Balance due 90 days before your trip departure date - non-refundable.
Individual booking made less than 90 days before the departured ate are payable in full at the time of booking.
Cancellation at any stage involves forfeit of monies already payed.

Group charter:

Booking deposit:
10% - within 7 days of booking - non-refundable
Second deposit:
20% 180 days prior to departure - non-refundable
Balance due
90 days before departure - non-refundable

Dive equipment rental charges (USD)

Items Rent per day Rent per week Loss or damage
Full set (Bcd,Reg,fins,mask, snorkel,wetsuit) 35 170  
Computer - (mandatory to have) 10 50 450
Torch / Lamp 10 50 400
Jackets (BCD) 10 50 400
Regulator 10 50 130
Fins / Mask / Snorkel 5 25 100
Shortie wetsuit (3mm) 10 40 180

PADI Dive course price list

PADI on-board diving course prices USD $
Discover scuba diving 75
Scuba diver 300*
Open water diver 450*
Advanced open water 270*
Rescue diver 500*
Speciality 100**
Bubble maker 150
  • plus certification expenses and course materials - Us$ 120

** plus certification expenses and course materials - US$ 50

Ayurvedic massage price list

Type of Massage Time Price Us$
1 time 15 Minutes 20.00
1 time 30 Minutes 40.00
1 time 40 Minutes 50.00
Silver package - 3 massages 15 Minutes 50.00
Silver package - 3 massages 30 Minutes 100.00
Silver package - 3 massages 40 Minutes 125.00
Gold package - 5 massages 15 Minutes 80.00
Gold package - 5 massages 30 Minutes 160.00
Gold package - 5 massages 40 Minutes 200.00

Note: Prices subject to change.

Where is the pick up for the boat?

In the Maldives the default meeting point for all hotels and liveaboards is the airport so whether you are arriving from an international flight or transfering from another resort you will arrive and depart from the airport which is 100 metres from the port where the dhoni will transfer you to your liveaboard.

Will I be met when I arrive?

You will be met off your flight or resort transfer as per your details you provide to us at the time of booking your trip and returned to the airport at the end of your liveaboard.

Can I buy a local phone card?

phone cards are available for sale at the airport. They are gprs enabled so you can pick your email on your phone nearly anywhere on the trip at very reasonable rates. Please make sure you tell you guest rep that you want one before you leave the airport.

What time will we arrive at the boat?

The boat stays in Male for the first day so dependant on what time you land and we transfer you to the boat

Ocean Sapphire - schedule

Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
13 Oct 18
embark: 
Male
20 Oct 18
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
20 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: Special offer !
20 Oct 18
embark: 
Male
27 Oct 18
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: Special offer !
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
1884 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1688 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: Special offer !
27 Oct 18
embark: 
Male
03 Nov 18
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: Special offer !
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
1884 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1688 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
03 Nov 18
embark: 
Male
10 Nov 18
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
10 Nov 18
embark: 
Male
17 Nov 18
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
17 Nov 18
embark: 
Male
24 Nov 18
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
08 Dec 18
embark: 
Male
15 Dec 18
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
15 Dec 18
embark: 
Male
22 Dec 18
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
29 Dec 18
embark: 
Male
05 Jan 19
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
05 Jan 19
embark: 
Male
12 Jan 19
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
12 Jan 19
embark: 
Male
19 Jan 19
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
19 Jan 19
embark: 
Male
26 Jan 19
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
26 Jan 19
embark: 
Male
02 Feb 19
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
02 Feb 19
embark: 
Male
09 Feb 19
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
09 Feb 19
embark: 
Male
16 Feb 19
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
16 Feb 19
embark: 
Male
23 Feb 19
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
23 Feb 19
embark: 
Male
02 Mar 19
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
02 Mar 19
embark: 
Male
09 Mar 19
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
09 Mar 19
embark: 
Male
16 Mar 19
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
16 Mar 19
embark: 
Male
23 Mar 19
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
23 Mar 19
embark: 
Male
30 Mar 19
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
30 Mar 19
embark: 
Male
06 Apr 19
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
06 Apr 19
embark: 
Male
13 Apr 19
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
13 Apr 19
embark: 
Male
20 Apr 19
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
20 Apr 19
embark: 
Male
27 Apr 19
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
27 Apr 19
embark: 
Male
04 May 19
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
04 May 19
embark: 
Male
11 May 19
disembark: 
Male
Best of Maldives: North Male, South Male, Felidhoo, Ari, North Male
embark:
Male
disembark:
Male
Booking Request
22 spaces available
Suite 
2108 USD
Standard Double / Twin 
1884 USD
Mandatory extra charges per person
42 USD green fee per trip
Booking Request

Ocean Sapphire - cabins

Ocean Sapphire houses total 11 Cabins with the following bedding configuration:
Upper Deck 04 Double Bedded Cabins
Lower Deck 04 Cabins with 01 Double Bed & 01 Single Bed
Lower Deck 02 Cabins with 02 Single Beds
Lower Deck 01 Family Cabin with 01 Small Double Bed & 01 Single Bed.

  • Suite cabin

  • Suite cabin

  • Suite bathroom

  • Suite bathroom

  • Standard cabin

  • Standard cabin

Ocean Sapphire - itinerary

For your flight arrival times ideally you should aim to arrive around midday on the day of departure as due to a same day turn around of the boat the guests from the trip before will be departing in the morning. The rest of the morning the boat will be being cleaned and prepared for your arrival around lunchtime. You can arrive on the day of departure as late as 10pm as the boat will not leave the Male area on the first day. Whatever time you arrive on the day of departure you will be met off your flight at the arrivals area by our boat representatives and taken to the boat, about 10 minutes from the airport.

If you would like to arrive the day before it is possible to stay in the airport hotel which is on the adjacent island (HulhulMale) as the airport (Hulhule island) or stay in another guesthouse on Hulhulemale Island for the night, we don’t recommend booking somewhere in Male as this involves a ferry ride to the next island. If you stay on Hulhulemale island your hotel will then deliver you back to the airport the following day (the day of departure) where you will be met by the boats representatives and taken directly to the ship. Please check with your hotel / guest house if this is a free transfer as some of them charge for this service. Planes do not fly late into the night so you will be able to sleep.

Trip itinerary
Specific itineraries depend on the time of year and the prevailing currents at that time of the year. diving in the Maldives is year round.

The trips are from Saturday to Saturday.

1 week: - 6 days of diving.

ROUTE: NORTH MALE – SOUTH MALE – FELIDHOO – ARI

  • SATURDAY (arrival day) – if all the guests of the week (so not only these specific guests) arrive in the morning there could be a check dive in North Male atoll (Kurumba House Reef), otherwise with arrivals in the afternoon or evening the first check dive will be the morning after

  • SUNDAY – possible check-dive (or second dive of the week, see above note) in North Male atoll (Lankan Paradise) – cross to South Male atoll - second dive of the day in South Male atoll (Kandooma Thila) – cross to Felidhoo atoll – possible sand bank in the afternoon (Alimath sandbank) – third dive in Felidhoo atoll (Alimatha Jetty, night dive with sharks)

  • MONDAY – first dive in Felidhoo atoll (Myaru Kandu) – cross to Ari atoll, South part – second and third dive in Ari atoll (Five Rocks and Kuda Rah Thila) – possible sunset fishing with diving dhoni.

  • TUESDAY (Ari atoll, from South part to central part) – 3 dives (Kudi Maa “wreck”, Sun Island Beyru, Rhaddhigga Thila) – search of the Whale Shark in the late morning - possible desert island (Raddhigga) after the 3 dives for the end of afternoon and sunset and possible BBQ party on the island (weather permitting) – island cost around 5 USD per person.

  • WEDNESDAY – (Ari atoll, from central part to North-West part) – 3 dives (Moofushi corner 1, Moofushi corner 2, Fesdhoo “wreck”) + possible extra night dive (Fesdhoo Lagoon, payment onboard depending by number of participants) searching for the manta rays.

  • THURSDAY – (Ari atoll, central North part) – 3 dives (Fish Head 1, Fish Head 2, Maayathila) + possible extra night dive (Maayathila “by night”, payment onboard depending by number of participants) – possible nice desert island in the morning (and in the early afternoon).

  • FRIDAY (number of dives * will depend by the flight time of guests on the day after as we have to consider 24 hours “no fly” before departure – please remember that check-out time from the boat the day after will be in any case at around 7.30) – first dive in Ari atoll, North – East side (Bathala Maga Kan thila) – cross to South Male atoll – second dive, if any * (Lagoona caves) – cross to North Male atoll – third dive, if any * (to be defined).

  • SATURDAY (departure day) – check-out to the airport at around 7.30

Ocean Sapphire - specs

Technical
Launched: October 2012
Hull: Wooden
Length: 35 Meters
Breadth: 10 Meters
Draft: 05 Meters

Mechanical
Main Engine: Daewoo 480 HP
Generators: 2 x 50 KW 400v 50Hz - Stamegna SM 650
Fuel Storage: Water Storage: 8000 Liters
Water Storage: 6000 Liters
Water Production: 12000 Liters / Day

Diving Boat
Vessel: Fully equipped Dhoni
Compressor: 2 x Compressors BAUER Marinaer 320:320 L/Min
Air tanks: (DIN/INT-);11.1/13.2Lt
Nitrox: Available

Ocean Sapphire - diving

A Maldives liveaboard diving safari is without doubt the best way to explore these magificent Atolls. Maldives safaris trips are available for individual bookings and /or for full charter cruises. Spaces and dates are limited so advance booking is recommended.The diverse itinerary of the liveaboard gives you the opportunity to visit many of the varied atolls and experience many types of underwater landscapes in just one trip! If your partner is a non-diver Ocean Sapphire has an comprehensive itinerary for non-divers involving island visits, trips to local villages, treks and fishing tours to keep your partner busy whilst you explore the big blue.

Diving Seasons in the Maldives - The best Time for Diving in the Maldives

*January to April are considered the best months for diving. *May and June can have unstable weather, and odd cloudy days are possible until September. *October and November tend to have clearer weather, but visibility can be slightly reduced because of abundant plankton in the water that attracts the big fishes, good time for whale sharks. *December can have windy weather and rain.

Maldives diving Courses

If you have never been diving before, or want to continue your diving education then why not take a diving course, our PADI certified instructors can offer you scuba instruction from PADI’s Discover diving course, through to the Divemaster program.

Maldives dive sites

Ari Atoll - Some of the popular dive sites

Kudarah Thila

Type of dive: Reef dive
Description: One of the best dive sites for soft coral and fish life.
The marine life here is so abundant, that the divers have named it ‘fish soup’. The thila is in a circular shape and can be covered in a single dive at different depths, if the current is not very strong.

Maaysa Thila

Type of dive: Reef dive / Night dive
Description: The thila is about 80mters in diameter.

The whole thila can be done at different depths in a single dive. There are manycaves and overhangs around the thila. The large rocks on the north eastern side have large black coral trees growing on them. The site is famous for the sharks and a great barracuda which reside here. The site can be dived at any time of the day, each with different activity going on the reef. The best chance to get close to these creatures is at night time, when they are hunting. You will see sharks, barracudas, rays and eels trying to grab a morsel.

Bathala Maaga Kanthila

Type of dive: Drift dive
Description: The northern tip of Magaa reef extends into Bathalaa Kandu and is home to a number of grey reef sharks and white-tip reef sharks. They can be seen patrolling along the reef looking for food.

Maalhos Thila (Blue Curves)

Type of dive: Drift dive / Reef dive
Description: The thila is known for the abundance of soft coral growth on the thila, particularly the blue/violet colored variety that grows on the ceiling of the caves and overhangs, thus the name ‘blue caves’. In addition a large variety of fish life can be observed here.

Rasdhoo Madivaru

Type of dive: Drift dive / Channel dive
Description: The reef on the southern side of Rasdhoo drops vertically to the ocean depths. The site is home to a school of Scalloped Hammerhead sharks (sphyrna lewini). In the early hours of the morning they rise from the deep waters off the atoll into the shallower depths, accessible to divers.

South Male Atoll - some of the more popular dive sites

Guraidhoo Kandu South

Type of dive: Drift dive / channel dive
Description: Since the eastern side of the channel is Open Ocean, large predatory fish can regularly be spotted here. This site is famous for sightings of sharks, schools of eagle rays and the occasional Sail fish and Hammerheads. The best condition to do the dive is when the current is flowing into the Atoll. The dive begins on the outer reef following the current into the atoll. Most of the pelagic species can be observed on the eastern side, where the reef drops off into the deep ocean. At the end of the dive in the channel, along the reef you can find overhangs with plenty of soft coral growth and small fish.

Kandooma Thila

Type of dive: Drift dive / reef dive
Description: Located in a channel, the reef is subject to strong currents at times. The ocean currents carry lot of nutrients to the reef, supporting an abundance of sea life. The site is well renowned for the soft coral growth, turtles, diverse fish life and invertebrates found on the reef. At the reef slope you may find sharks and eagle rays.

Embudu Kandu (Express)

Type of dive: Drift dive / channel dive.
Description: Similar to Guraidhoo Kandu, but more sharks are likely to be spotted here. The currents can be very strong at times. The stronger the current however the better chance of seeing sharks. Under the guidance of an experienced dive guide, the dive can be managed done easily.